What is a cataract? A cataract is a clouding of all or part of the normally clear lens within the eye. It will eventually block and distort light entering the eye. More than 20.5 million Americans over age 40 are affected with this condition. Cataracts are usually found in people over age 55, but occasionally younger people can get then. Symptoms include cloudy or blurry distance vision; altered color perception; problems with glare; difficulty reading fine print; poor night vision and frequent changes in corrective lenses.
What is glaucoma? Glaucoma is a condition in which the optic nerve is gradually damaged because the pressure inside of the eye is too high. Between three and four million Americans have glaucoma; including an estimated 1.5 to two million people who do not even know that they have the disease. Those who are over 40, Hispanic, African American, have a family history of glaucoma, are very nearsighted or diabetic are at higher risk of developing the condition. The most common type of glaucoma develops gradually and painlessly, with no symptoms for an extended period of time. If untreated, loss of side vision will occur and may eventually lead to blindness.
What is diabetic retinopathy? Diabetic retinopathy is a secondary complication of diabetes and is caused by changes in the blood vessels of the retina. Small blood vessels swell, leak and hemorrhage into the retina blurring vision and occasionally leading to blindness. When detected and treated in a timely fashion, significant vision loss can usually be avoided. Approximately 4.1 million Americans with diabetes have diabetic retinopathy. Anyone with diabetes, either type 1 or type 2, is at risk of developing this condition. At least yearly examinations are necessary for diabetics, as diabetic retinopathy has no symptoms.
What is presbyopia? Presbyopia is a progressive condition that makes reading and doing close work, such as sewing, increasingly difficult as eyes age. For people in their 40's and early 50's, it's often the first sign of aging; by age 55, it affects everyone. Even those with perfect eyesight may find they can no longer read books and printed materials at normal distances.
What is Macular Degeneration?
Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a condition that affects the macula, a portion of the retina, and leads to loss of sharp central vision. AMD is the leading cause of legal blindness in America. Approximately 15 million Americans live with the disease and it is most common in older people ages 75-80.
Symptoms include gradual loss of the ability to see objects clearly; distorted vision; gradual loss of color vision; and dark or empty areas appearing in the center of vision.
What are refractive errors? Refractive errors occur when there is a variance between the focusing strength of the eye and the length of the eyeball. When a refractive error is present, light entering the eye is not focused, which results in a blurry image. Refractive errors are the most common vision disorder and can be corrected by eyeglasses, contact lenses or refractive surgery. The four most common refractive errors are myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), astigmatism, and presbyopia.
What are Anti-Glare lenses?
Anti-reflective coating (also called AR coating or anti-glare coating) improves both your vision through your lenses and the appearance of your eyeglasses.
Both benefits are due to the ability of AR coating to eliminate reflections of light from the front and back surface of eyeglass lenses. With fewer reflections, more light passes through the lens to the eye for good vision and the lenses look more transparent and attractive.
Today's modern anti-reflective coatings can virtually eliminate the reflection of light from eyeglass lenses, allowing 99.5 percent of available light to pass through the lenses and enter the eye for good vision.
Diabetes effect on the eye
“Diabetes causes problems in the retina with what are collectively called microvascular abnormalities. The small blood vessels develop microaneurysms and leak blood. New blood vessel growth occurs. Unfortunately, these blood vessels are weak and also leak. These leaks can cause irreversible damage to
the retina and permanent vision loss.
Patients with controlled diabetes do better than those with uncontrolled diabetes. However, even a person whose diabetes is under perfect control can still develop diabetic retinopathy—hence, the need for yearly retinal exams.”
--Dr. Slonim Allabout vision.com
Fluctuating blood sugars cause fluctuating vision. Your eye doctor cannot get you to a corrected vision until your sugars remain stable. Most eye doctors will not even give you a prescription until your sugars are under control. Sometimes after sugars are regulated your vision improves but it can also change for
the worse. The eye swells when numbers are high thus distorting/changing vision. Seeing your primary care physician and your eye doctor is critical for maintaining your eye health with diabetes.
An eye exam before school? It's real important for kids to get their eyes checked before returning back to school. In order to ensure that your child is learning at their optimal level it is very important to make sure that they can see the board and their books as clear as it can be. It is recommended theh first exam to be done at 2-3 years of age.
What is astigmatism? Astigmatism is a very common vision problem caused by an irregularly shaped cornea. Blurred vision at all distances is the most significant indicator of astigmatism and many people who have astigmatism also have myopia or hyperopia. It is often present at birth. Family history of the condition increases risk.
What is amblyopia? Amblyopia (or lazy eye) occurs when vision in one of the eyes is reduced because the eye and the brain are not working together properly. Amblyopia is the most common cause of visual impairment in childhood. It affects about 2% of adolescents. Amblyopia usually develops before the age of 6 and can persist for life if untreated. It causes more vision loss than trauma and all other ocular diseases.
What is strabismus? This is a text area. Writing in paragraphs lets your visitor find what they are looking for quickly and easily. Ed Strabismus is when eyes are turned in, turned out or not working as a team. It affects up to 5 percent of all children to some degree and can begin during infancy. Signs and symptoms include wandering eye, double vision, vision in only one eye and eyes that appear crossed. it the text in the list editor.